The judo throw is a most important aspect of technique. Three of the crucial throws, hiza-guruma (knee wheel) and harai-tsurikomi-ashi (lifting foot sweep) and de-ashi-harai (advanced foot sweep) are outlined in this article. A detailed description of each of the throws is given followed by some key points which you will find most useful.
Hiza-guruma (knee wheel)
When you glide down a slope on skis, you bend both knees and lower your waist because this makes it much easier for you to control your balance. If one knee cannot move freely, it will be difficult to balance yourself. The technique of hiza-guruma rests on this principle.
You and your opponent hold each other in right natural posture. You try to make him lean to the left front corner. The moment his weight rests on his left leg, which is bent a little at the knee, you put your left foot, with the toes turned in, to your left front corner near his right foot, and break his posture to his left front corner.
With your right hand, which holds his left sleeve, pull toward your right in a circular motion, at the same time putting the sole of your right foot on the outside of his left knee. Your left hand helps the pull of your right hand by lifting his right arm. His knee will then rotate around your foot, and he will fall to the mat.
a. Pivot to the right with your left toes turned inside in order to make the rotating motion easier.
b. Pull your opponent's sleeve.
Harai-tsurikomi-ashi (lifting foot sweep)
You can use this judo throw to great effect against any opponent.When both knees are bent, they serve to change and control the balance of the body. Therefore, for instance, when your opponent leans forward toward the left, you attack his left knee with your right foot. But when he stands without bending his knees, it would be useless to attack the left knee. In such a case you should attack his left ankle instead of his knee, since the arm of the moment of force becomes longer. If you understand this rule, you will be able to understand harai-tsurikomi-ashi very well.
You hold your opponent by his right and left sleeves. When he is about to lean to his left front corner, you pull strongly with your right hand in the direction of your right back corner and push him to his left front corner with your left hand while letting your body pivot to the right. At the same time you sweep between his knee and the outer part of his ankle with the sole of your right foot. He will then be swept and thrown forward.
a. You should pivot to the right with your left toes turned in to make your rotating motion easy.
b. Your left hand pushes your opponent's body up and forward so as to help the pull of your right hand.
De-ashi-harai (advanced foot sweep)
Imagine walking on a frozen road in the winter. Stepping carelessly, you sometimes slip and fall on your back on the road. What causes this to happen? The reason is that there is little friction between your feet and the icy road. If you have noticed this, you will easily understand the principle of de-ashi-harai.
You and your opponent hold each other in right natural posture. When he advances inward with a larger step than usual you place your right foot at the back of your left foot. The moment he rests almost half his weight on the advanced foot, you sweep the ball of your left foot against the heel of his advanced foot just below the tendon of Achilles, at the same time pulling him to his right front corner. He will then be thrown.
a. You should apply this technique the moment your opponent has placed almost half his weight on his advanced foot and is just about to put his entire weight down. At this moment he cannot easily shift the direction of his advanced foot.
b. Therefore timing is very important in the execution of this technique.
c. When you sweep his advanced foot, you push his left shoulder with your right hand so as to make his upper body turn up.
Practise each judo throw carefully.
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