The largest city and the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the Malwa Plateau, just south of the Satpura Range. Indore is the administrative headquarters of the Indore District and the Indore Division, and formerly served as the capital of the former princely state of Indore and the summer capital of the erstwhile state of Central India.
The ancestors of the founders of Indore were hereditary Zamindars and indigenous landholders (Jehangirdars) of Malwa. In Mughal times, the founders of these families received titles such as singh and Chaudhari, which established their claim to the land. In the 18'th century, control of Malwa passed to the Peshwa clan, and the Chaudharis came to be known as Mandloi (derived from Mandals) because of the language they used and eventually the Parihars conferred the family with the title of singh Raja. (pp. 68-70) Major General Sir John Malcolm's Central India Part I).
The family retained its possessions of royalty, which included having an elephant, Nishan, Danka and Gadi even after the advent of parihars and also retained the right of performing the first puja of Dushera (Shami Pujan) before the parihar rulers. Under Mughal rule, the family enjoyed great influence and was accorded confirmatory sanads by the Emperors Aurangzeb, Alamgir and Farukhshayar, confirming their Jagir rights. Rao Nandlal Chaudhary Zamindar, upon visiting the court of Delhi, received a special place in the emperor court along with two jewel studded swords (now at display in the Royal British Museum under the family's name) and confirmatory sanads. Indore City Bus is a road transport system run by Indore City Transport Services Limited or ICTSL.
This transport system runs through 277 kilometers of road network in the Indore city and surrounding areas. The city bus service has 6 private partners along with the city administration and the total investment has gone more that 40 Crores. Indore is the largest metropolitan city of the state of Madhya Pradesh and a center of trade and commerce. The city is growing rapidly with need for increasing mobility, high travel demand, increasing intensity of traffic, congestion, delays, accidents and other transportation problems. The intra-city public transport system is essentially road based with 500 private minibuses, 550 tempos(to reduce pollution now replaced by Maruti van as contract carrier), more than 100 Metro Taxi (Flat fare Rs.15 per KM) and 10,000 auto rickshaws. The city felt a lack of public mass transport system for long time.
Indore City Transport Services Limited was incorporated on December 01, 2005 with an objective to operate and manage the public transport system of Indore. Seven key people were identified as the Board of Directors. Indore Municipal Corporation and Indore Development Authority invested an authorized capital of Rs 2,500,000 jointly. The collector of Indore, Vivek Aggarwal was responsible for the execution of the project to run the bus service. The company is run as a public-private partnership.
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport (IATA Code IDR, Lat 22.723 Long 75.805) Indore is the busiest airport in the state Madhya Pradesh, it connects the state to maximum cities in the country other than any city in the state. It connects Indore directly to Mumbai, Delhi, Gwalior, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Jabalpur, Raipur, Jaipur, Nagpur,Bangalore, Pune and Bhopal in India.
Indore has one of the finest public transport systems.In December 2005, the municipal corporation launched the Indore City Bus service, an extensive service with 24 routes servicing most areas in city. The service has received very favourable press and has been called the first modern bus system in India. The company runs 53 low floor buses, equipped with GPS devices, electronic sign boards and computerized vending machines. The Indore City Bus corporation made a profit of 1 crore rupees within nine months of the inception of its operation and is seen as an excellent model by several other mid size Indian cities.
During the early 60's to the late 90's the trucking industry really boomed up Indores economy and made the city popular for businesses. The trucking business from the 60's to the 90's era was dominated mostly by Sikhs who had settled in from Punjab to Indore. Indore, the largest metropolitan city of the state of Madhya Pradesh, is fast emerging as a centre of trade and commerce. In the context of rapid growth of the city, increasing mobility, high travel demand, increasing intensity of traffic, congestion, delays, accidents and other such problems, public mass transport system of the city stands out as the most critical issue.