A pear is a pomaceous fruit produced by a tree of genus Pyrus. The English word pear is probably from Common West Germanic pera, probably a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of pirum, which is itself of unknown origin. It is known as nashpati in India See also Pear. The place name Perry can indicate the historical presence of pear trees. The term pyriform is sometimes used to describe something which is pear-shaped. Female body shape has a bearing on a wide range of human activities, and there are and have been widely different ideals of it in different cultures over history.
The female figure is usually narrower at the waist than at the chest and hips, and usually has one of four basic shapes like banana, pear, apple or hourglass. The chest, waist and hips are called inflection points, and the ratios of their circumferences define these basic shapes. Pears come in many varieties. Years ago, before fresh fruit could always found in stores, and transportation was not so available, people stored fruits in cellars to last them over the winter.
Apples and pears were good candidates. The pears for winter storage were selected for their keeping ability more than for their taste. In the fall of the year, it was a real event to go into the countryside to our favorite orchards and buy our fruit for the winter. We bought apples and pears, paying 2 dollar to dollar 3 for a bushel. Our fruit cellar was a basement room under an un heated area of the house.
This was before the days of central heating and even city people used a wood or kerosene fired cooking stove and a coal fired (pipeless) furnace that was designed to heat the living area of the house. Our bedrooms were not heated so we piled on the quilts and blankets. A glass of water beside your bed would be frozen in the morning. The pear is classified within Maloideae, a subfamily within Rosaceae.
The apple (Malus domestica) which it resembles in floral structure, is also a member of this subfamily. In both cases the so-called fruit is composed of the receptacle or upper end of the flower-stalk (the so-called calyx tube) greatly dilated, and enclosing within its cellular flesh the five cartilaginous carpels which constitute the core and are really the true fruit. Three species account for the vast majority of edible fruit production, the European Pear Pyrus communis subsp.
Communis cultivated mainly in Europe and North America, the Chinese white pear (bai li) Pyrus bretschneideri, and the Nashi Pear Pyrus pyrifolia (also known as Asian Pear or Apple Pear), both grown mainly in eastern Asia. There are thousands of cultivars of these three species. A species grown in western China, P. sinkiangensis, and P. pashia, grown in southern China and south Asia, are also produced to a lesser degree. Other species are used as rootstocks for European and Asian pears and as ornamental trees.
The Siberian Pear, Pyrus ussuriensis (which produces unpalatable fruit) has been crossed with Pyrus communis to breed hardier pear cultivars. The Bradford Pear (Pyrus calleryana Bradford) in particular has become widespread in North America and is used only as an ornamental tree. The Willow-leafed Pear (Pyrus salicifolia) is grown for its attractive slender, densely silvery-hairy leaves. Pears are consumed fresh, canned, as juice, and dried. The juice can also be used in jellies and jams, usually in combination with other fruits or berries.
Fermented pear juice is called perry. Pears will ripen faster if placed next to bananas in a fruit bowl. They stay fresh for longer if kept in a fridge. Pears are the least allergenic of all fruits. Along with lamb and soya formula, pears form part of the strictest exclusion diet for allergy sufferers. Pears can be useful in treating inflamation of mucous membranes, colitis, chronic gallbladder disorders, arthritis, and gout. Pears can also be beneficial in lowering high blood pressure, controlling blood cholesterol levels, and increasing urine acidity.
They are good for the lungs and the stomach. Most of the fiber is insoluble, making pears a good laxative. The gritty fiber content may cut down on the number of cancerous colon polyps. Most of the vitamin C, as well as the dietary fiber, are contained within the skin of the fruit. Pears are rich in Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, E1, copper, potassium and are 100% free from bad cholesterol. Pear juice is also known to be the first juice introduced to infants because of its hypoallergenic properties.