Kozhikode pronunciation in also known as Calicut, is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is the third largest city in Kerala and the headquarters of Kozhikode district. Kozhikode was once the capital of an independent kingdom, and later of the erstwhile Malabar District. Kozhikode has a population of 436,556 as per 2001 census, with an extended metropolitan population of about 0.9 million, making it the third largest urban agglomeration and the third largest city in Kerala.
According to data compiled by economics research firm Indicus Analytics on residences, earnings and investments, Kozhikode ranked as the second best city in India to reside in. Indicus considered six parameters health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment for preparing their 'reside-in' index of livability. The ports of the Malabar Coast have participated in the Indian Ocean trade in spices, silk, and other goods for over two millennia.
There are documented visits in as early as the 14th century, by Chinese travellers such as Zheng He. Kozhikode had emerged as the centre of an independent kingdom by the 14th century, whose ruler was known as the Samoothirippadu (often anglicised as Zamorin). Thus Calicut came to be called the City of Zamorins
In the year 1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed at Kappad, about 25 km from Calicut city. This was a major event in the era of European Discoveries, because the discovery of the sea route from Europe to India gave the Portuguese a significant advantage in the control of international trade that lasted for almost a century.
The beauty and serenity of Kozhikode beach is not yet exploited to develop it into a tourist center. Still people from all around gather here to enjoy the sunset and it is a popular retreat for local people. Two sea piers almost 125 years old extending well inside the sea are a specialty. Lion club, children park make the evenings pleasant for visiting families. Fishermen with their small rowing boats entering the sea, fighting the waves and returning with varieties of fish are worth watching.
It starts at Panvel, at junction of NH 4, and ends at Edappally,at junction of NH 47 near Ernakulam. NH 17 mainly traverses through the west coast of India, sometimes touching shores of Arabian sea. The NH 17 touches the Arabian sea at Maravanthe in Karnataka. It passes through the Indian states of Maharastra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala.
Calicut is road connected to Bombay via Mangalore and Goa (NH 17). The connection to Kanyakumari is via Cochin and Trivandrum (NH 17 and NH 47). Bangalore is connected via Sultan Battery, Gundlupet and Mysore (NH 212). Madras is via Malappuram, Palghat, Coimbatore and Salem (NH 213 and NH 47), and Ooty is via Nilambur and Gudalur (State Highway).
The National Highway 17 connects cities and towns of different states as follows Mumbai, Mahad, Ratnagiri, Panaji, Madgaon, Karwar, Kumta, Bhatkal, Udupi, Surathkal, Mangalore, Kasargod, Kannur, Thalassery, Vadakara, Kozhikkode, Kodungallur,North Paravur and Kochi. The NH 17 connects the interior parts of coastal regions with rest of the country. The NH 17 connects major sea ports of Mumbai, JNPT, Mormugoa,New Mangalore ( NMPT ) and Cochin. The Highway was the only source of connection between areas in the coastal districts, until the Konkan Railway was opened in 1998, between Mumbai and Mangalore.
You can reach NIT Calicut by bus from Kozhikode (Calicut) bus station (KSRTC or private bus station). From these bus stations go to Palayam Bus station by taking an Autoriksha (fare :Rs.10/ ) and take a bus to NIT Calicut (buses to Mukkam, Areekkode, etc. via Kunnamangalam) and get down at NIT Calicut bus stop.