A UK Ancestry Entry Clearance often referred to as an Ancestry Visa is a United Kingdom Entry Clearance for Commonwealth citizens with a grandparent born in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man who wish to work in the United Kingdom. It is used mainly by young Australians, New Zealanders, Canadians and South Africans coming to UK to work and as a base to explore Europe.
To have a grandparent born in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man at any time; or a grandparent born in what is now the Republic of Ireland on or before March 31, 1922, To be a citizen of a Commonwealth country (it does not matter how citizenship was acquired). Zimbabwe remains a Commonwealth country for visa purposes, To be aged 17 or over, To intend to undertake employment, To be able to support oneself in the United Kingdom without recourse to public funds.
The Channel Islands are a group of islands in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They comprise two separate bailiwicks: the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey, neither are part of the United Kingdom, but British Crown dependencies, and have a total population of about 160,000. The 24 month validity period will run continuously from the date from which the Entry Clearance is valid - this is set by the Entry Clearance Officer. Regardless of any time spent travelling outside the UK. This period cannot be extended nor can it be put on hold. Although Working Holidaymakers can study in the UK, either part-time or full-time, they cannot switch in the UK to student immigration status or into the International Graduates Scheme (IGS) or Fresh Talent - Working in Scotland Scheme (FTWiSS). A Working Holidaymaker who wished to extend their stay in the UK as a student or for the IGS or FTWiSS must return to their home country to apply for Entry Clearance in the relevant category.
A person who has indefinite leave to remain, right of abode, or is an Irish citizen, has settled status if resident in the United Kingdom (as do British citizens living in the UK). Settled status is central to British nationality law, as the most usual route to naturalisation or registration as a British citizen requires that the applicant be settled in the UK. Settled status is also important where a child of non-British citizen parents is born in the UK, as unless at least one parent has settled status the child will not automatically be a British citizen
The Entry Clearance is valid for five years. After this, the holder can apply for an extension or for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR).
For ILR, the holder must show that he or she has been living continuously in the UK and is currently in continuing employment or has worked throughout the five years. The Home Office's instructions for immigration officers assessing these applications make clear that if the applicant is working at the time of the ILR application, the applicant needs to show only that his or her current employment will continue. If not working at the time of the ILR application, the applicant will need to show that he or she has been continually working or looking for work throughout the five-year period.
In a commercial setting, the employer conceives of a productive activity, generally with the intention of generating a profit, and the employee contributes labour to the enterprise, usually in return for payment of wages. Employment also exists in the public, non-profit and household sectors. To the extent that employment or the economic equivalent is not universal, unemployment exists. Scotland's First Minister, Jack McConnell, expressed his concern over the possible abolition of the UK Ancestry Entry Clearance. Mr. McConnell had recently been in Canada to encourage Canadians of Scottish heritage to move to Scotland. Canada has over 4 million citizens that are of Scottish descent.
Part of the reason for this campaign was the concern over declining population and birthrate in Scotland. His campaign received a great deal of interest in Canada. However, details of a new point based system announced on 7 March 2006 made it clear that ancestry routes to the UK would not be affected. The new points system covers those workers wishing to enter the UK without EU/EEA member state citizenship or ancestral links to the UK.