There have been many books published that will assist individuals in understanding the ancient philosophies. These ancient philosophies are an essential basis in any type of vedic literature for individuals to be able to gain and catch a glimpse of the wonderful history that surrounds these truths.
The concepts behind these ancient philosophies are so advanced through their view points that they have stood the test of time. These philosophies are not new, but their purpose is simply to establish the truth and to help individuals reach and understand these truths at the highest possible levels. These marvelous philosophies encourages individuals to take a new look at life and will hopefully lead them to a new direction in a path of complete success.
In many ancient philosophies there are a number of ancient phrases that can be found that are still used today, but some of these phrases have not been translated so that individuals that were not brought up under these ancient traditions or philosophies would understand. One such phrase is, "Prana vyana samana apana udana." The most basic understanding I have found of this ancient phrase may help individuals understand this phrase a bit better.
A living creature is able to move through the breath in which is called prana. The living creature is able to put forth strength of action through what is called vyana. The living creature is able to move downward is called apana, while what resides inside of the heart is called samana. A living creature is able to speak in sequence through a combination through its lungs, throat, and mouth and through this is called udana. These five ancient words are types of wind that helps a living creature to live and move around.
The five general abilities of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and touching are said to come from different elements according to these ancient philosophies written in vedic literature. From the element of fire we get the ability of touch, while from the element of water we get the ability of taste, sound, touch, vision, and taste. The ability to taste can be sweet, saltish, bitter, sour, pungent, or even astringent. From the element of fire comes the ability of touch, while the element of earth gives us scent that can be agreeable, disagreeable, dry, pungent, sweet, varied, or indifferent. From the element of wind we are given touch and light, which contributes to vision and its form. These forms can range from tall, thick, short, round, four cornered, black, white, blue, red, yellow, reddish, bright, oily, hard, smooth, soft, or terrible. Various types of touch that the element of wind control can be warm, cold, burning, agreeable, disagreeable, mild, soft, light, heavy, and indifferent. The elements of wind, water, and fire are said to awake the body in these ancient philosophies.
The breath given to the body stays within the head of the body where the heat is and is caused by all types of exertion. Prana is a living creature in these ancient philosophies known as the soul, the mind, the intellect, and the consciousness of ever living creature. With a combination of each breath known as samana and will act the way they always do. Apana is when the breath of an individual has a reverse effect caused by heat in the urethra and the intestines in the abdominal cavity as it moves when it carries out feces and urine. All three of these are operated by one single breath called udana when in operation will live within the body inside of the joints called vyana. When the heat circulates over the entire body this is known as samana. Thus, within the body the breath controls different aspects that are associated with different elements to each living creature substance.
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