Engineering and MBA are without a doubt two of the most popular degrees in India. While engineering is an undergraduate and graduate degree, MBA is only a post graduate degree. But which is more popular with the companies? Who have a higher chance of getting a job after they complete their degree? India Skill Report suggests that the scales are tipped in favour of the technical course - engineering.
Engineering continues to be a top choice with lakhs of students appearing for the engineering entrance examinations every year. Lakhs of Indian students graduate as engineers every year, with nearly 12,000 coming out of the various IITs and twice the number from NITs and other Tier II engineering institutes.
The other equally popular degree choice for career is MBA. Though the numbers are far less, MBA continues to be a desirable post graduate degree. And yet how do the two compare? Should a student undertake master’s in engineering or pursue an MBA to score a job? Here is how the two compare in employability and job prospects.
However, is it correct to compare the two? What does it signify? And how does one choose? In the simplest manner, the report simply suggests that the engineering students or BE/B.Tech graduates are more employable in terms of the skills that they have. The same report further points out that the gap between the employability of the engineering graduates and the MBA post graduates is increasing.
Andhra Pradesh has topped the list of states with the highest employability followed by West Bengal and Delhi while engineers continued to be the most employable, according to a nationwide skills survey.
More than 3 lakh students from 29 states and 7 UTs appeared for the work, employability and skills test conducted between July 15 and October 30. The subjects on which the students were tested included English, critical thinking skill, numerical aptitude, domain knowledge, behavioural competence
The survey showed that MBA courses have lost some of their appeal with employability dropping 3 percentage points over the last year, according to the India Skill Report 2019 prepared by People Strong, Wheebox and CII in partnership with the All India Council for Technical Education, UNDP and the Association of Universities
Rajasthan and Haryana have made it to the top 10 for states with the highest employability while Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab dropped out of the top 10 in 2019. Among cities, Bengaluru topped the list followed by Chennai, Guntur, Lucknow, Mumbai, New Delhi, Nashik, Pune and Visakhaptanam
Visakhapatnam entered the top 10 cities’ list after a gap of two years. The list also features Thane and Nashik, which gained entry for the first time. “The presence of these tier 2 and tier 3 cities makes it clear that the employable talent pool is not limited to metro cities,” the report said. Female employability increased this year compared with last year, rising from 38% to 46% while male employability rose from 47% to 48%.
The survey showed almost 70% of freshers expect an annual Rs 2 lakh or more as their first salary and 47% of candidates expect Rs 2.6 lakh or above as their first pay check.
The survey showed that almost 64% of employers have a positive outlook on hiring and it is expected to be 15% higher compared to last year across nine major sectors. Demand for those with skills in artificial intelligence is seen robust. The key jobs in terms of hiring potential are: artificial intelligence, design analytics, research and development. About 23% of employers plan to hire for design jobs
The survey showed that most of the hiring would happen for lateral positions but 15% to 20% hiring would be for freshers. “Almost 40% to 50% of existing jobs which are transaction heavy would get automated. The key sectors are IT, financial services, manufacturing, transportation, packaging and shipping,’ it said